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Thursday, 14 May 2009 00:19


Antiship cruise missile P-500 "Bazalt"

Development of a anti-ship cruise missile P-500 "Bazalt" was launched by Experimental design Office-52 by the Resolution № 250-89 from  February, 28, 1963. The missile "Bazalt" was intended to replace the missile P-6 and had approximately the same weight and dimensional characteristics. By aerodynamic and structural-layout scheme P-500 was also similar to P-6, but had a higher flight velocity, shooting range and more powerful blast and shaped-charge warhead, designed in GSKB-47. "Basalt" was the last boat missile launched from over-water. Like the P-6 the missile "Bazalt" flight profile was "great height - low height", but unlike the P-6 the length of the final section ("low height") was increased, and altitude in this region was decreased. For P-500 rocket the shipbuilding research institute "Granit" developed a management system "Argon", which included the first on-board digital computer (FDC). The draft of P-500 was completed in December, 1963. The first phase of flight tests took place from October, 1969 in Nenoksa. Missile without a radio was launched from ground tests SM-49. In 1975, the missile "Bazalt" is used in submarines of Project 675, which had been previously equipped with complex P-6. And in 1977, "Bazalt" is used to equip the aircraft carrying cruisers "Kiev" of project 1143. The first three ships of this project had four twin launchers with eight missiles P-500 in containers and eight spare missiles in the cellar, and a fourth cruiser "Baku" had six duplex units. In the presence of Chelomey on November, 29, 1982 was performed the  launch of P-500 from the cruiser "Slava" of project 1164, which came into operation in December, 1982. Three cruisers of missiles were located in sixteen non-guiding containers, without recharging. Target detection and guidance complex "Bazalt", as further sets "Vulcan" and "Granit", was performed by a system of marine space reconnaissance and targeting. Full development of this system was launched in 1962. It included: radar reconnaissance system for the detection of ship radio equipment radiation from space, as well as nuclear power plant, providing power to the spacecraft. The development of the "Legend" and its implementing to the USSR Ministry of Defense with spacecraft radar reconnaissance was completed in 1975, and with spacecraft electronic reconnaissance - in 1978.


Technical characteristics



Mass, kg

About 6000

Length, m




Propulsion engine


Firing distance, km


Warhead weight, kg

About 500

Flight velocity, kmph

About 3000

Flight level, m


Submarine carrier project


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